In the radio drama, the Allard secret identity was dropped for simplicity's sake. On the radio, The Shadow was only Lamont Cranston; he had no other aliases or disguises. Though initially wanted by the police, The Shadow also works with and through them, notably gleaning information from his many chats with police commissioners Ralph Weston and Wainwright Barth while at the Cobalt Club; the latter is also Cranston's uncle. Jonathan Winters portrayed him in the film. Weston believes that Cranston is merely a rich playboy who dabbles in detective work. Another police contact is Detective later Inspector Joseph Cardona, a key character in many Shadow novels.
In contrast to the pulps, The Shadow radio drama limited the cast of major characters to The Shadow, Commissioner Weston, and Margo Lane, the last of whom was created specifically for the radio series, as it was believed the abundance of agents would make it difficult to distinguish between characters.
Lieutenant Cardona was a minor character in several episodes. Shrevvy was merely an acquaintance of Cranston and Lane, and occasionally Cranston's chauffeur. The Shadow also faces a wide variety of enemies, ranging from kingpins and mad scientists and international spies. In addition, the villain King Kauger from the Shadow story Wizard of Crime is the unseen mastermind behind the events of Intimidation, Inc. The Shadow also battles collectives of criminals, such as the aforementioned Hand and Silent Seven, the Salamanders, and the Hydra.
Chrisman and Sweets thought the program should be introduced by a mysterious storyteller. A young scriptwriter, Harry Charlot, suggested the name of "The Shadow.
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The narrator was first voiced by James La Curto,  but became a national sensation when radio veteran Frank Readick, Jr. Eastern Standard Time. This marked the beginning of a long association between the radio persona and sponsor Blue Coal. Contrary to dozens of encyclopedias, published reference guides, and even Walter Gibson himself, The Shadow never served as narrator of Love Story Hour.
He appeared only in advertisements for The Shadow Magazine at the end of each episode. In October , the radio persona temporarily moved to NBC. Frank Readick Jr. Gibson's ongoing pulps. The Shadow returned to network airwaves on September 26, ,  over the Mutual Broadcasting System. Thus began the "official" radio drama , with year-old Orson Welles starring as Lamont Cranston, a "wealthy young man about town. Welles did not speak the signature line, "Who knows what evil lurks in the hearts of men? After Welles departed the show in , Bill Johnstone was chosen to replace him and voiced the character for five seasons.
Following Johnstone's departure, The Shadow was portrayed by such actors as Bret Morrison the longest tenure, with 10 years total in two separate runs , John Archer , and Steven Courtleigh the actors were rarely credited.
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The Shadow also inspired another radio hit, The Whistler , with a similarly mysterious narrator. The radio drama also introduced female characters into The Shadow's realm, most notably Margo Lane played by Agnes Moorehead , among others as Cranston's love interest, crime-solving partner, and the only person who knows his identity as The Shadow. Her sudden, unexplained appearance in the pulps annoyed readers and generated a flurry of hate mail printed on The Shadow Magazine's letters page.
Lane was described as Cranston's "friend and companion" in later episodes, although the exact nature of their relationship was unclear. In the early scripts of the radio drama the character's name was spelled "Margot. Throughout the s and s, several dozen LPs appeared in print from other record labels that featured recordings made from the original broadcast Shadow radio show dramas.
The Shadow has been adapted for the comics several times during his long history; his first comics appearance was on June 17, , as a syndicated daily newspaper comic strip offered through the Ledger Syndicate. Gibson, with plot lines adapted from the Shadow pulps, and the strip was illustrated by Vernon Greene. The comic strip, which ran until June 20, , comprised 14 stories: .
The Shadow - Wikipedia
The Shadow daily was collected decades later in two comic book series from two different publishers see below , first in and then in Their character was called "The Shadow'" with an apostrophe , which is short for "Lamont Shadowskeedeeboomboom. Throughout the story, someone is trying to kill Margo, getting "Shad," as she calls him, into various predicaments: He is beaten up by gangsters and has a piano dropped on him.
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He tricks Margo into an outhouse the interior of which is an impossibly huge mansion that he demolishes with dynamite. In this story, Lamont Shadowskeedeeboomboom lures Manduck and Loathar to his home on the pretense of wanting to buy cases of Manduck's snake oil ; in reality, he has learned that Manduck also has "the secret power to cloud men's minds, and so in order to keep [his] secret exclusive," he intends to destroy Manduck. A battle of hypnotic gesturing ensues, during which Loathar somehow also has the power.
Each character turns himself or one or two of the others into one of the other characters, culminating in three Manducks who all gesture hypnotically, causing a massive explosion that leaves only one Manduck who may or may not be the real one. Manduck's girlfriend, Narda, declares that whomever he really is, "Only one of you is dear to my heart and that one is During the superhero revival of the s, Archie Comics published an eight-issue series, The Shadow Aug. In the first issue, The Shadow was loosely based on the radio version, but with blond hair.
In issue 2 Sept. Later issues of this eight-issue series were written by Superman co-creator Jerry Siegel. During the mids, DC Comics published an "atmospheric interpretation" of the character by writer Dennis O'Neil and artist Michael Kaluta  in a issue series Nov. Kaluta drew issues 1—4 and 6 and was followed by Frank Robbins and then E. Attempting to be faithful to both the pulp-magazine character and radio-drama character, the series guest-starred fellow pulp fiction hero the Avenger in issue He assures Batman, however, that his secret is safe with him.
The Shadow is also referenced in DC's Detective Comics , page 4, panel 2: Batman, out of costume and in disguise as an older night janitor, makes a crime fighting acknowledgement, in a thought balloon , to the Shadow. In , another DC adaptation was developed by Howard Chaykin. While initially successful,  this version proved unpopular with traditional Shadow fans  because it depicted The Shadow using two Uzi submachine guns, as well as featuring a strong strain of black comedy and extreme violence throughout.
The Shadow , set in our modern era, was continued in as a monthly DC comics series by writer Andy Helfer editor of the miniseries ; it was drawn primarily by artists Bill Sienkiewicz issues 1—6 and Kyle Baker issues 8—19 and two Shadow Annual s. This one-shot appeared in both hardcover and trade paperback editions. Each cover was illustrated by Greene and colored by one of Eternity's colorists. A total of 13 issues appeared featuring just the black-and-white daily until the final issue, dated November, Some of the Shadow storylines were contained in one issue, while others were continued over into the next.
When a Shadow story ended, another tale would begin in the same issue. This back-to-back format continued until the final 13th issue. Here is a list of the reprinted strip's storylines:. Dave Stevens ' nostalgic comics series Rocketeer contains a great number of pop culture references to the s. Various characters from the Shadow pulps make appearances in the storyline published in the Rocketeer Adventure Magazine , including The Shadow's famous alter ego Lamont Cranston.
Two issues were published by Comico in and , but the third and final installment did not appear until years later, finally appearing in from Dark Horse Comics.
The volume also featured a new Shadow adventure drawn by Kaluta. This series was set in the s and returned The Shadow to his pulp origins. During its run, it featured The Shadow's first team-up with Doc Savage , another popular hero of the pulp magazine era. The two characters appeared together in a four-issue story that crossed back and forth between each character's DC comic series.
In issue 7, The Shadow meets a radio announcer named Grover Mills, a character based on the young Orson Welles , who has been impersonating The Shadow on the radio. The character's name is taken from Grover's Mill, New Jersey , the name of the small town where the Martians land in Welles's radio broadcast of The War of the Worlds. In the Coils of Leviathan was later collected by Dark Horse in as a trade paperback. A comics adaptation of the film The Shadow was published in two issues by Dark Horse as part of the movie's merchandising campaign.
The script was by Goss and Kaluta and drawn by Kaluta. It was collected and published in England by Boxtree as a graphic novel tie-in for the film's British release. It was written by Steve Vance and illustrated by Manoukian and Roucher. Both issues' covers were drawn by Rocketeer creator Dave Stevens. Baker, and inked by Bernard Kolle. It was set in modern times.
The Shadow made an uncredited cameo in issue 2 of DC's four issue miniseries Kingdom Come , re-released as a trade paperback in The Shadow appears in the nightclub scene standing in the background next to The Question and Rorschach. The Shadow daily began appearing in the first issue of Pulp Action comics. It carried no monthly date or issue number on the cover, only a copyright and a Pulp Action 1 notation at the bottom of the inside cover. Each issue's cover is a colorized panel blow-up, taken from one of the reprinted strips. The eighth issue uses for its cover a Shadow serial black-and-white film still , with several hand-drawn alterations.
The first issue of Pulp Action is devoted entirely to reprinting the Shadow daily, but subsequent issues began offering back-up stories not involving The Shadow in every issue. These Shadow strip reprints stopped with Pulp Action ' s eighth issue, before the story was complete.
Here are the strip's reprinted storylines the last issue carries a copyright date :. This series ran for 26 issues; the regular series ended in May , but a prologue issue 0 was published in July Dynamite followed with the release of an eight-issue miniseries, Masks , teaming the s Shadow with Dynamite's other pulp hero comic book adaptations, The Spider , the Green Hornet and Kato , and a s Zorro , plus four other heroes of the pulp era from Dynamite's comics lineup. The Shadow character has been adapted for film shorts and films. In Universal Pictures created a series of six film shorts based on the popular Detective Story Hour radio program, narrated by The Shadow.
Beginning with the second short, The House of Mystery , the series was produced in Hollywood without the voice of Readick as The Shadow; it was followed by The Circus Show-Up and three additional shorts the following year with other voice actors portraying The Shadow. Lamont Cranston assumes the secret identity of "The Shadow" in order to thwart an attempted robbery at an attorney's office. La Rocque returned the following year in International Crime.
In this version, reporter Lamont Cranston is an amateur criminologist and detective who uses the name of "The Shadow" as a radio gimmick. The Shadow , a chapter movie serial , produced by Columbia Pictures and starring Victor Jory , premiered in theaters in The serial's villain, The Black Tiger, is a criminal mastermind who sabotages rail lines and factories across the United States.