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The "HOPE" poster from Barack Obama's presidential campaign -- which itself was the subject of a copyright fight between an artist and The Associated Press over the use of an Obama photo -- was Christianized, with an image of Jesus replacing the president. Church marketing consultant Brad Abare has seen tons of such stuff and doesn't like it. He even has come up with a name for some of it: "Jesus junk.

It's not a true reflection of creativity," said Abare, of the nonprofit Center for Church Communication in Los Angeles. Seattle trademark attorney Michael Atkins said legal parodies of commercial trademarks are protected under the First Amendment, but such religious products generally don't fall into that category. That's illegal. Marjorie Koval of the Association for Christian Retail said it's hard to say how much of the Christian merchandise market is made up of parody items. The gift and specialty sector, which includes apparel, accounts for about a third of the industry's total sales, she said.

It's also impossible to say how many manufacturers produce such merchandise: Anyone with a screen-printing machine and a computer can make a T-shirt design. That's one reason, Atkins said, companies have such a hard time policing their brands. But there are a few major players in the Christian merchandise industry. Based in Berryville, Ark.

Last Judgment - Wikipedia

Its products are available in more than 7, stores nationwide. Yet some of Kerusso's popular products are copycats of corporate brands and logos known worldwide. Kerusso CEO Vic Kennett said he occasionally gets complaints from companies whose logos are parodied, and Kerusso generally changes those designs or discontinues merchandise. Kerusso altered its red "Jesus Christ -- Eternally Refreshing" T-shirt after Coca-Cola complained the design too closely resembled its well-known script logo.

Isn't Christianity a rip off from Judaism? : Christianity

And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Then another book was opened, which is the book of life. And the dead were judged by what was written in the books, according to what they had done. Rev — Even now the axe is lying at the root of the trees; every tree therefore that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.

He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. His winnowing fork is in his hand, and he will clear his threshing-floor and will gather his wheat into the granary; but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire.

Just as the weeds are collected and burned up with fire, so will it be at the end of the age. The Son of Man will send his angels, and they will collect out of his kingdom all causes of sin and all evildoers, and they will throw them into the furnace of fire, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Let anyone with ears listen! I tell you, my friends, do not fear those who kill the body, and after that can do nothing more. But I will warn you whom to fear: fear him who, after he has killed, has authority to cast into hell.

Yes, I tell you, fear him! Luke —5. I came to bring fire to the earth, and how I wish it were already kindled! Luke Christ did truly rise again from death, and took again his body, with flesh, bones, and all things appertaining to the perfection of Man's nature; wherewith he ascended into Heaven, and there sitteth, until he return to judge all Men at the last day.

As such, Anglican and Methodist theology holds that "there is an intermediate state between death and the resurrection of the dead , in which the soul does not sleep in unconsciousness, but exists in happiness or misery till the resurrection, when it shall be reunited to the body and receive its final reward.

McBride of Christ

Anglican and Methodist theology holds that at the time of the Last Day , "Jesus will return and that He will 'judge both the quick and the dead'," [16] [17] and "all [will] be bodily resurrected and stand before Christ as our Judge. After the Judgment, the Righteous will go to their eternal reward in Heaven and the Accursed will depart to Hell see Matthew Belief in the Last Judgment often linked with the General judgment is held firmly in Catholicism. Immediately upon death each soul undergoes the particular judgment , and depending upon the state of the person's soul, goes to Heaven , Purgatory , or Hell.

A soul in Purgatory will always reach Heaven, but those in Hell will be there eternally. The Last Judgment will occur after the resurrection of the dead and the reuniting of a person's soul with its own physical body. A decisive factor in the Last Judgement will be the question, if the corporal works of mercy were practiced or not during lifetime. They rate as important acts of charity.

Therefore, and according to the biblical sources Mt —46 , the conjunction of the Last Judgement and the works of mercy is very frequent in the pictorial tradition of Christian art. During the Last Judgment, all will be resurrected. Those who were in purgatory will have already been purged, meaning they would have already been released into Heaven, and so like those in Heaven and Hell will resurrect with their bodies.

These differences may only be apparent and not actual due to differing theological terminology and tradition. The Eastern Orthodox Church teaches that there are two judgments: the first, or "Particular" Judgment, is that experienced by each individual at the time of his or her death, at which time God will decide where [24] the soul is to spend the time until the Second Coming of Christ see Hades in Christianity. This judgment is generally believed to occur on the fortieth day after death.

Although in modern times some have attempted to introduce the concept of soul sleep into Orthodox thought about life after death, it has never been a part of traditional Orthodox teaching, and it even contradicts the Orthodox understanding of the intercession of the Saints.

How Oxford and Peter Singer drove me from atheism to Jesus

Eastern Orthodoxy teaches that salvation is bestowed by God as a free gift of Divine grace , which cannot be earned, and by which forgiveness of sins is available to all. However, the deeds done by each person are believed to affect how he will be judged, following the Parable of the Sheep and the Goats. How forgiveness is to be balanced against behavior is not well-defined in scripture, judgment in the matter being solely Christ's.

Similarly, although Orthodoxy teaches that salvation is obtained only through Christ and his Church, the fate of those outside the Church at the Last Judgment is left to the mercy of God and is not declared. The theme of the Last Judgment is extremely important in Orthodoxy. Traditionally, an Orthodox church will have a fresco or mosaic of the Last Judgment on the back western wall see the 12th-century mosaic pictured at the top of this page so that the faithful, as they leave the services, are reminded that they will be judged by what they do during this earthly life.

The icon of the Last Judgment traditionally depicts Christ Pantokrator , enthroned in glory on a white throne, surrounded by the Theotokos Virgin Mary , John the Baptist , Apostles , saints and angels. Beneath the throne the scene is divided in half with the "mansions of the righteous" John , i. Separating the two is the River of fire which proceeds from Jesus' left foot. For more detail, see below. The theme of the Last Judgment is found in the funeral and memorial hymnody of the Church, and is a major theme in the services during Great Lent. It is also found in the hymns of the Octoechos used on Saturdays throughout the year.

Lutherans do not believe in any sort of earthly millennial kingdom of Christ either before or after his second coming on the last day.

Particularly among those Protestant groups who adhere to a millennialist eschatology, the Last Judgment is said to be carried out before the Great White Throne by Jesus Christ to either eternal life or eternal consciousness in the lake of fire at the end of time. Salvation is granted by grace based on the individual's surrender and commitment to Jesus Christ. A second particular judgment they refer to as the Bema Seat judgement occurs after or as salvation is discerned when awards are granted based on works toward heavenly treasures.

Nevertheless, the body is not fully redeemed until after Death is destroyed after the Great Tribulation. Protestant Millennialism falls into roughly two categories: Premillennialist Christ's second coming precedes the millennium and Postmillennialist which sees Christ's second coming as occurring after the millennium. Dispensational premillennialism generally holds that Israel and the Church are separate. It also widely holds to the pretribulational return of Christ, which believes that Jesus will return before a seven-year Tribulation followed by an additional return of Christ with his saints.

Although the Last Judgment is preached by a great part of Christian mainstream churches; the Esoteric Christian traditions like the Essenes and Rosicrucians , the Spiritualist movement , Christian Science , and some liberal theologies reject the traditional conception of the Last Judgment, as inconsistent with an all-just and loving God , in favor of some form of universal salvation. Max Heindel taught that when the Day of Christ comes, marking the end of the current fifth or Aryan epoch, the human race will have to pass a final examination or last judgment, where, as in the Days of Noah , [44] the chosen ones or pioneers, the sheep , will be separated from the goats or stragglers, [45] by being carried forward into the next evolutionary period, inheriting the ethereal conditions of the New Galilee in the making.

Nevertheless, it is emphasized that all beings of the human evolution will ultimately be saved in a distant future as they acquire a superior grade of consciousness and altruism. At the present period, the process of human evolution is conducted by means of successive rebirths in the physical world [46] and the salvation is seen as being mentioned in Revelation KJV , which states "Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God and he shall go no more out ". However, this western esoteric tradition states—like those who have had a near-death experience —that after the death of the physical body, at the end of each physical lifetime and after the life review period which occurs before the silver cord is broken , it occurs a judgment , more akin to a Final Review or End Report over one's life , where the life of the subject is fully evaluated and scrutinized.

In art, the Last Judgment is a common theme in medieval and renaissance religious iconography. Like most early iconographic innovations, its origins stem from Byzantine art , although it was a much less common subject than in the West during the Middle Ages.

In the 15th century it also appeared as the central section of a triptych on altarpieces , with the side panels showing heaven and hell, as in the Beaune Altarpiece or a triptych by Hans Memling. The usual composition has Christ seated high in the centre, flanked by angels and the Virgin Mary and John the Evangelist who are supplicating on behalf of the souls being judged in what is called a Deesis group in Orthodoxy.

Saint Michael is often shown, either weighing souls on scales or directing matters, and there might be a large crowd of saints, angels, and the saved around the central group. At the bottom of the composition a crowd of souls are shown, often with some rising from their graves.

enter site These are being sorted and directed by angels into the saved and the damned. Almost always the saved are on the viewer's left so on the right hand of Christ , and the damned on the right. The saved are led up to heaven , often shown as a fortified gateway , while the damned are handed over to devils who herd them down into hell on the right; the composition therefore has a circular pattern of movement.

Often the damned disappear into a Hellmouth , the mouth of a huge monster, an image of Anglo-Saxon origin. The damned often include figures of high rank, wearing crowns, mitres and often the Papal tiara during the lengthy periods when there were antipopes , or in Protestant depictions. There may be detailed depictions of the torments of the damned. Included in this fresco is his self-portrait, as St. Bartholomew 's flayed skin. The image in Eastern Orthodox icons has a similar composition, but usually less space is devoted to Hell, and there are often a larger number of scenes; the Orthodox readiness to label figures with inscriptions often allows more complex compositions.

There is more often a large group of saints around Christ which may include animals , and the hetoimasia or "empty throne", containing a cross, is usually shown below Christ, often guarded by archangels; figures representing Adam and Eve may kneel below it or below Christ. A distinctive feature of the Orthodox composition, especially in Russian icons, is a large band leading like a chute from the feet of Christ down to Hell; this may resemble a striped snake or be a "river of Fire" coloured flame red. If it is shown as a snake, it attempts to bite Adam on the heel, but as he is protected by Christ is unsuccessful.

The sequence of events according to the most commonly held belief is the annihilation of all creatures, resurrection of the body, and the judgment of all sentient creatures. It is a time where everyone would be shown his or her deeds and actions with justice.